Spiritual Warfare: Authority

07 Jun

Two weeks, Gentle Readers. This is a post that has taken two solid weeks to write.


Because “Authority” is a critical key, not only in and to all of Christian life, but particularly regarding Spiritual Warfare. Read anything on the topic, and you will find a great deal of focus on this element. Why all this attention? Why this apparent myopic focus?

Because the task of “casting out” demons or unclean spirits pits the will of the Believer, into direct conflict with a Dark Other. It comes down to a confrontation between one party saying, “Get out of here!” while the opposing party responds, “No! Who’s gonna make me?” or “Why should I?”

Therein lies the critical element. Two quick scriptural portraits clearly highlight this contrast.

God was performing extraordinary miracles by the hands of Paul, so that handkerchiefs or aprons were even carried from his body to the sick, and the diseases left them and the evil spirits went out. But also some of the Jewish exorcists, who went from place to place, attempted to name over those who had the evil spirits the name of the Lord Jesus, saying, “I adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preaches.” Seven sons of one Sceva, a Jewish chief priest, were doing this. And the evil spirit answered and said to them, “I recognize Jesus, and I know about Paul, but who are you?” And the man, in whom was the evil spirit, leaped on them and subdued all of them and overpowered them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded. This became known to all, both Jews and Greeks, who lived in Ephesus; and fear fell upon them all and the name of the Lord Jesus was being magnified. [Acts 19:11-17]

There is the first incident I would consider, extremely briefly and superficially. There’s lots of material there for consideration, and bear in mind that the entire context of the passage has to do with extraordinary phenomena… both the signs and miracles of Christian witness, contrasted with magic and dark arts practices.We may consider this passage again later about those matters, but for now I only want to direct our notice to the apparent “authority” of the sons of Sceva. They “attempted to name over those who had the evil spirits the name of the Lord Jesus”. They correctly “identify” Jesus, as “the Jesus whom Paul preaches.” Nonetheless, the evil spirit was not only unaffected, but motivated the suffering man to overcome the SEVEN of them, that they fled wounded and naked. Being careful not to read into scripture, or take our reasoning beyond the text, I would posit that these exorcists lacked the authority to remove the evil spirit.

By contrast, consider Jesus’ appointment of even His novice disciples…

Now after this the Lord appointed seventy others, and sent them in pairs ahead of Him to every city and place where He Himself was going to come. And He was saying to them, “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few; therefore beseech the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into His harvest. Go; behold, I send you out as lambs in the midst of wolves. Carry no money belt, no bag, no shoes; and greet no one on the way. Whatever house you enter, first say, ‘Peace be to this house.’ If a man of peace is there, your peace will rest on him; but if not, it will return to you… The one who listens to you listens to Me, and the one who rejects you rejects Me; and he who rejects Me rejects the One who sent Me.”

The seventy returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us in Your name.” And He said to them, “I was watching Satan fall from heaven like lightning. Behold, I have given you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing will injure you. Nevertheless do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are recorded in heaven.” At that very time He rejoiced greatly in the Holy Spirit, and said, “I praise You, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and intelligent and have revealed them to infants. Yes, Father, for this way was well-pleasing in Your sight. All things have been handed over to Me by My Father, and no one knows who the Son is except the Father, and who the Father is except the Son, and anyone to whom the Son wills to reveal Him.” [Luke 10:1-6, 16-22]

This is a long-ish passage, yes. But right here scripture brings together three of the critical elements we are discussing:

  • This is a direct “commissioning” and “sending forth” of disciples who are NOT of the 12 Companion Disciples (so there is no issue of “only apostles” stuff here).
  • “Authority” is directly granted to these commissioned disciples, with specific instructions for a specific purpose.
  • The “qualifications” for such commission and authority are clearly specified, and has nothing to do with theological sophistication, religious fervor, or strength.

There are lots and lots of scriptural referents to “authority”, 102 in the New Testament in fact. The Greek word ἐξουσία (exousia) appears everywhere from the faith of the Roman Centurion (Matthew 8:9) to the final declaration of Babylon the Great’s fall (Revelation 18:1). The topic is so important and so vast that it can swallow one up. So many ways of looking at it… there’s authority based on rank, on age, on role… there’s authority based in power, or in truth… there’s authority based in relationship, respect, and love.

I could not get a grip on how to deal with authority as it related to spiritual warfare, since all of these perspectives are meaningful and seemed important. So the post would just grow beyond bounds.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

I waited, listened, tried to see the right way through this seeming maze… and two things, two critical scriptural passages just seemed to rise to the surface of it all. They are simple and seem to overarch all other considerations. When I would try to explore nooks and crannies, rejecting this simplicity and sensing the more convoluted and complicated, these two passages would just seem to gather up all my objections and swallow them.

The first has to do with the authority of Jesus and His relationship with demons, unclean spirits, or spirits of darkness:

And He came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and He was teaching them on the Sabbath; and they were amazed at His teaching, for His message was with authority. In the synagogue there was a man possessed by the spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, “Let us alone! What business do we have with each other, Jesus of Nazareth? Have You come to destroy us? I know who You are—the Holy One of God!” But Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet and come out of him!” And when the demon had thrown him down in the midst of the people, he came out of him without doing him any harm. And amazement came upon them all, and they began talking with one another saying, “What is this message? For with authority and power He commands the unclean spirits and they come out.” And the report about Him was spreading into every locality in the surrounding district. [Luke 4:31-37]

The point I want to make here is that Jesus never had to state a thing about asserting His authority. Neither He, nor the suffering person, opened the conversation. The demon did. The demon recognized Jesus in the fullness of His authority all on his own, and he opened the encounter of the exorcism. (This sort of thing happened several times throughout the Gospels.)

The second passage, a direct teaching of Jesus addressing us through the teachings of His disciples-now-friends, is from the Garden of Gethsemane following the Last Supper:

“In that day you will not question Me about anything. Truly, truly, I say to you, if you ask the Father for anything in My name, He will give it to you. Until now you have asked for nothing in My name; ask and you will receive, so that your joy may be made full. These things I have spoken to you in figurative language; an hour is coming when I will no longer speak to you in figurative language, but will tell you plainly of the Father. In that day you will ask in My name, and I do not say to you that I will request of the Father on your behalf; for the Father Himself loves you, because you have loved Me and have believed that I came forth from the Father. I came forth from the Father and have come into the world; I am leaving the world again and going to the Father.” [John 16:23-28].

I don’t want to take the space here, but I strongly recommend you go on and read through Chapter 17 of the Gospel of John. This same theme, Jesus’ empowerment and continuity through the lives of the disciples and those who believe because of their words, continues with a divine strength that is simply breathtaking.

The critical phrase in the passage there, though, seems to be this… “In that day you will ask in My name, and I do not say to you that I will request of the Father on your behalf; for the Father Himself loves you, because you have loved Me and have believed that I came forth from the Father.”

This is the phrase that God returned me to, again and again, as explaining not only “authority”, but EVERYTHING. “In that day” may be thought of in terms of Indwelling, though it may be seen as including other epiphanies as well. But throughout this entire discourse (John 13-17), Jesus has described how the Father has invested ALL into Him, and that He as Son reflects and refracts all from the Father. Then Jesus goes on to impel all of that into His disciples and all those who believe because of their words.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Bottom Line: I have long thought of “authority” in traditional, legalistic, military, parental, political terms… “power is delegated from ‘higher’ authority down into ‘lower’ authorities, by virtue of duty, fidelity, preparation… etc.” This pits the resistance of a demon against the degree of authority held by the believer, subject to their strength of faith or worthiness. This may not be a “bad” view, but it can make every encounter a bit of an adventure, if we approach the moment with questions of how strong our faith, faithfulness or preparation. (The sons of Sceva had a distinctly bad day.)

But what it seems God is teaching me here is that true authority has nothing to do with any of that. It’s not a matter of “white magic” or “saying the right words”… “in the Name of Jesus, I abjure you…” etc., etc. But rather, that Jesus has already imbued us with the fullness of His own authority… through His relationship with the Father and what He has asked of the Father… and through the “feelings” the Father has for us simply because we believe Jesus came from Him to earth and we love Jesus.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~


Question: How much of Jesus’ authority do you have?

Well…      Do you love Jesus?               Do you believe He came forth from the Father?

Answer: If both of those are “yes”, then you have “all of it”. Jesus does not “repeat your requests” to the Father when you pray. The Father Himself hears and answers them exactly as He would hear and answer Jesus.

And, if this is so, then spirits of darkness recognize the Jesus in you, and the authority of Jesus in you, as clearly as they did when Jesus walked.

“You are from God, little children, and have overcome them; because greater is He who is in you than he who is in the world.” [1 John 4:4]

Um… yeah. And there’s how Jesus brought that about.


16 responses to “Spiritual Warfare: Authority

  1. Bette Cox

    June 7, 2015 at 1:24 PM

    Great article, LM. In John 14:10, Jesus said the Father in him did the works; now the Father in us (the body of Christ) does the work. Also see John 14:17-20. It’s never really our work, except that we are co-workers cooperating with Christ… He is still doing the work, just inside different human bodies.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Little Monk

      June 8, 2015 at 10:41 AM

      Yes… and “kinda yes”, Bette. One of my ongoing problems with how most folks teach is this incredible drive to “throw up an insulation barrier” between HIM, and Him/me. Time and time again, and with rapidly accelerating velocity as we approach the fullness, the “finished” of Jesus’ ministry at the Cross/Resurrection/Pentecost, we see Jesus working with all His might to blur, then remove entirely, that “dualistic boundary”. You in Me, I in you, together we in the Father… time after time, phrase after phrase… He blends “us” into Union with Him.

      Man’s overwhelming theme throughout the Bible is “separation from God”… to keep us apart from Him. God’s overwhelming theme is “Union”. Eat My body, Drink My blood.

      We love to distance all this stuff to some abstract collective noun… “The Church”. Rather than embracing ALL this stuff as personal, intimate, unitive.

      Let me just ask this… if only ONE person had ever fallen… you, or me, or anyone… then would all these teachings, all this scripture, all this revelation be any less true? No? Then why do we so readily “push ourselves into the center of the flock/herd”, so comforted that God addresses all this to “usn’s” rather than, God directly addresses all of this to ME, regardless of how or whether anyone else responds?

      I think most Christians get it backwards. We like to look at all this stuff in the “comforting collective”, and draw that big ‘ole “flock/church perspective” around us like a cushy warm comforter. Once we do that, why in the world would we ever face and embrace the incredible adventure of the reality that Jesus speaks all of this to the “individual”? To the “me”, not just the “us”? BUT, once someone realizes that “hearing His voice”, responding to a call, loving Him, believing He was sent from the Father… are INDIVIDUAL decisions, not corporate motions carried in a business meeting… then ALL that stuff is direct, intimate, and quite “uninsulated” between the naked heart and the Lord High God.

      THEN, AFTER dealing with the rather disquieting reality of that… AFTER embracing the incredible truth that He has, by virtue of Indwelling, put you, personally, individually, into the status of Jesus… joint-heir… joint Child with Jesus… NOW, we can look in a healthy way at the “collective” experience of mutual love, encouragement, edification. Before that? I find most just “use” the Church as a crutch and a defensive screen.

      Not all… but most.

      Grace — LM


  2. Bette Cox

    June 7, 2015 at 2:10 PM

    Personal vs. corporate question? It’s true that many believers think as long as somebody – some other body, that is – in the church is dealing with demons, that lets them off the hook. I don’t think like that. If you find a roach in your kitchen, don’t you deal with it yourself? Or do you call the exterminator? (Or perhaps do both, if that roach has a flock of relatives with it…) I let the Holy Spirit do his thing using my hands, feet, voice, brain, whatever he likes, to deal with it. It’s not a “cushy, warm, comforter” way to live as an individual believer. Is it? No, but it is a continuing adventure seeing what Jesus wants to do with your/his day.

    Liked by 3 people

    • Little Monk

      June 7, 2015 at 2:29 PM

      Yup yup. 🙂 And it’s that “your/His” day thing that makes even discussion of such things awkward.

      You point out “in that the church is dealing with demons, that lets them off the hook”… and this is a true thing, of course. And I want to be careful not to seem to be saying that anyone should “press ahead of their unction” in any form of ministry, let alone warfare.

      But, it’s this fundamental “dualism” thing… this “holy separation” thing… that so grieves me. I know so many who readily fall to their knees in fear and trembling awe at the glory and majesty of the Present God, but who would about swallow their own tongue rather than imagine that God the Father holds His hands out to them, seeking that they climb into His lap… or that the Holy Spirit within them has made THEM, as THEMSELVES, His beloved adored child.

      Lol… my upbringing, in a God-hating house… is both my greatest blessing and greatest curse. The God who raised me was simply the one of the Bible… no “helpful advice to Him” by any church or Sunday School. So, as a college freshman in discussion with one of my (ordained) professors, with whom I LOVED to discuss Scripture (he knew so much, could teach me so much, it was wonderful!)… I will never forget him saying one day… “Little Monk, I love discussing the Bible with you. It’s amazing, like talking to the Boy Jesus in the Temple… you are totally untrained and naive, but you understand so much just all the way through you. The only thing I can’t believe is… somehow, you have absolutely NO compunction. None whatever. I can’t believe that.” And he meant that as a criticism, something lacking in my understanding.

      I had never seen the word before, so I asked him what it meant. He defined it as “filial fear. The holy fear of God.” I thought about it a moment, then just shook my head and said, “You’re right. I have no fear of Him at all. Now, don’t get me wrong, I fear His ‘belt’. I know when I’ve done wrong, and when He has to get my attention He can do that in no uncertain terms. But Him? Fear Him? How can I? How could I? He raised me on His lap since I was 3. How can I ever learn fear of Him, when He’s raised me not to since I was that little? Nope, sorry… can’t do that one.”

      My professor just laughed and said, “I know. You’ll never get that…” and I’m not sure if he thought that a curse or a failing.

      All I can say is… it’s been over 40 years now… and he was right. I’ve never gotten that. Seems like outgrowing such fear was one of Jesus’ more important teaching points, frankly. But, most of my brethren strongly disagree.

      Ah well… Grace to thee! — LM

      Liked by 1 person

  3. Susan Irene Fox

    June 7, 2015 at 5:30 PM

    I am still letting this sink in, especially after reading your replies to Bette. Interesting, I don’t have that “filial fear” either, probably because I’m a new believer – 8 years now. (I guess I’ll stop saying that after 10.) I don’t have the history with family or church, yet admit as I learned “about” Jesus and “authority,” it was more about the “us” than the individual relationship.

    I’m pleasantly wowed by this notion, though I’m clear my relationship with Him is at the core of my faith. I never thought about authority, or what the power of the indwelling Spirit truly means. And you’re right – it is rather disquieting. But in a good way. 🙂

    Liked by 2 people


    June 7, 2015 at 10:35 PM

    WOW! I’ve actually found someone who believes in ‘Spiritual Authority’ ! You, and Bette as well–will agree with me that the present day church has lost it’s way. It seems that everyone is afraid to admit the fact that there is ‘darkness in High Places’.

    Eph 6:12 lists Principalities, powers, ‘Rulers of Darkness in High Places’, the Darkness in High Places is the attitude of the rulers of the present day organized churches. Look at the Methodist, of which I was a ‘papered preacher’, but took my leave over the admittance of homosexuals in high places. Look at the Presbyterians who teach the Bible is just a list of stories to make us feel good and are not actually the Word of God.

    Go to any church and the message you get is a ‘feel good’ message, all about how Jesus loves you and you love Jesus–with never a mention of sin!

    L Monk– I take my hat off to you because you have the courage to mention that there really are demons and evil spirits! They are all through my Bible, where are they in other’s?

    I will admit that I have no Spiritual Power of my own, but as a channel for God’s love the Spirit of God flows through me to heal the sick, and to cast out the demons of sickness. I take no glory for this because I do nothing but have FAITH! To God be the Glory!

    L Monk I have tried to email you in the past to discuss some things but cannot connect.

    Liked by 2 people

    • Little Monk

      June 7, 2015 at 11:11 PM

      Hi Larry,

      Thank you for your comments, and I’m glad we find areas of agreement together here. I suspect that much of what I write differs from your views, but that’s really a major goal for this blog… that we can differ in “positions” while yet agreeing in one accord on “allegiance”. Remember the definition God once gave me for “who is a Christian?”… It came down to “Who is your King, and how are you prepared to live to back that up?”

      I absolutely believe in Spiritual Authority… particularly of Light over darkness. The tricky bit is “what is authority”? A lot of people think it is what I call “white magic”. “Repeat after me… ‘in the name of Jesus, I abjure…’ That’s what Sceva’s sons thought, and it didn’t really work out well for them.

      Some people think Spiritual Authority means, “the way *I* do Christianity, which I can point to custom by custom, tradition by tradition, ritual by ritual… is the way YOU have to do Christianity, or you’re wrong!” Why? Because “My Bible tells me….” (fill in the blank). For example, if I were to ask you what “rules” should be set up for a brand new Christian church in, say, Latvia… I’m sure you could give me an excellent Church Covenant and Church Members’ Manual to help these “recent pagans” learn to live responsible Christian life. On the other hand, if I sent you my OWN draft, (being a fan of what I’ve come to call the “First Church of Christ, Minimalist”), that just recommended… “no greater burden than these essentials: that you abstain from things sacrificed to idols and from blood and from things strangled and from fornication; if you keep yourselves free from such things, you will do well,” I might find myself hard pressed to get your endorsement.

      Once upon a time I thought my mission was to root out all the “wrong practices” of everyone around me, Christian and not, and “set them straight”. Surprisingly, I was not terribly effective. But then, somehow, between there and here… due primarily to some incredibly wise and godly teacher/preachers I got to serve under… I came to realize, frankly, that’s not how Jesus did (or does) business at ALL. Never! He never ever finger pointed at anyone who didn’t take Him on first. Every critical word He ever spoke, was RESPONSE to someone criticizing HIM for His liberalism, and “feel good” theology.

      Granted, He speaks truth with grace. He cannot say that something bad is good, or good is bad. But the overwhelming majority of His time and words are spent saying a single central thing… “Stop being afraid of ‘Our Daddy’ who loves you, draw close and trust Him to love you right now, right here, and allow that LOVE to change you. Not fear, but love.” Have you ever noticed that in the 60% or so of His healings where He cast out demons or unclean spirits, He never “qualified the prospect” who asked for His help? He never turned away, finger pointed, belittled, or condemned. He just loved, embraced, laid hands, and healed.

      I try never to lose sight of the healing of the 10 lepers. All 10 got the healing they asked for, but only 1 got the point. Only one came back to Him and engaged in relationship. Such is the nature of life.

      Anyway, enough for now…

      My email generally works reliably, and you should be able to reach me at

      I look forward to more discussions! Grace to thee!

      The Little Monk

      Liked by 2 people

  5. JenniferPowellInspired

    June 7, 2015 at 10:55 PM

    This is good Little Monk. It will probably take me at least two weeks to come to any true understanding of what you’ve written. There’s the surface, and then there’s knowing at the level of knowing that bequeaths one the true authority. I want that authority, and all Glory be to God.

    Lord, I pray you would help me to move to a place so deep in you that my unbelief cannot possibly follow me there. Fill me with you, nothing but you, until I can no longer distinguish my own love from yours. Bless you Lord and Praise you God for all You have given us. Forever and Amen.

    Thank you for this teaching.

    Liked by 1 person

  6. ianthomsonian

    June 7, 2015 at 11:52 PM

    Thanks so much Little Monk. I agree wholeheartedly with all what you have said. The power is his alone. The authority he gives us. How could He send thse lambs into a world of wolves if He had not given freely His authority to them? What a mighty Lord and Supplier and Equipper!


  7. paulfg

    June 8, 2015 at 1:18 AM

    LM – you are a delight! And a very thoughtful and guided delight. Thank you.

    A passage I have had ringing in my ears for some time – and with a frequency causing me to take note is Mark 12:32-34:

    “Well said, teacher,” the man replied. “You are right in saying that God is one and there is no other but him. To love him with all your heart, with all your understanding and with all your strength, and to love your neighbor as yourself is more important than all burnt offerings and sacrifices.” When Jesus saw that he had answered wisely, he said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” And from then on no one dared ask him any more questions.”

    And Jesus’s words: “You are not far from the kingdom of God.”

    How I have so often taken that as an endorsement of “Love is the answer, now what’s the question?” Yet those two words cycle again and again: “not far” – and draw me to “not enough” – a gap – a distance – a “farness” yet to be walked. Your journey to Authority strikes me as the symptom of “not far.” Whist we are not far from the Kingdom, we live an intellectual relationship. We live relationship of learning – or not yet enough learning. A relationship not far from great – but still far enough. A relationship we mourn as being beyond us. And authority escapes us. Miracles are for others. Healing is for others. Getting better at praying so He hears us is the domain in which we dwell. Techniques and purpose and all that good stuff. Being lead by others who “know better” is our guidance.

    And I come to one thing: if my relationship with my wife was grounded in that same intellectual relationship – would I call it love? And my answer is no. I would call it a charade. I am “not far” from my wife, we are so connected there is “no far” (most of the time). And that is not knowing. That is not head stuff. That is inside. That is.

    I began walking with God seeing it as a better perfection of relationship than I could ever have with another human being here on earth. More and more I see our relationships here on earth being the same as our relationship with a perfect God. It is neither God nor other people we have to know. It is each one of us connecting inside. Being “one with another”. Being indwelt by love rather than a name or a particular person. That Love is one – and no matter who or how – until we are at one with Love – we are always “not far” from that connection with all and any. God included.

    And – with regard to warfare – should I take on those around my wife and I who wish to part us, the only approach is for me to be in union with my wife every step of the way, every nuance and action, each moment and decision – so too with our Lord and Father when it comes to those who wish us to be separate. And being “not far” from either gets in the way of that happening. Not far might be described (for me) as less a compliment and more a reality check.

    Maybe I am missing something. I am coming to see “authority” as simply a by-product of Love. And (like so much in “relating”) not something to be earned or coming with qualification. Simply another “is” – another change in me. And still another journey in love. One – with regard to warfare – that makes me realise I am still “not far” from my God.

    Liked by 2 people

    • paulfg

      June 8, 2015 at 1:19 AM

      Just ticking the “notify new comments by email” this time!! 🙂


    • Little Monk

      June 8, 2015 at 10:54 AM

      In response to you and to some other comments here, I’m working on a follow-up post that addresses some issues of the “maturation of Authority”, and “the Authority of Love”. I hope that will, if not “clarify” some elements, at least give this whole thing a new look from a different perspective.

      What made this so hard to write in the first place is that views on authority differ so widely… our experience(s) of authority in our lives vary so widely… that any one set of words, once written, are guaranteed to be inaccurate for some, too strong… or too lax, or just out of focus… guaranteed. Even for/to oneself… That’s why the original post failed for its convolution time and again.

      The critical insight there… that “authority is delegated by God the Father alone, by His choice to bestow it, because we love Jesus and believe He came forth from the Father”… no more, no less…
      Is the only central, critical truth the Lord kept taking me to as “adequate” and “correct”. Because it is the Origin Point. Everything else of discussing authority starts to “branch outwards on a tree” from that central trunk, so that all “positions” differ once we’re beyond that Origin Point.

      Anyway, I hope later today to have another discussion that may help. But you, Paul, have got the right grip on the central truth here… that all this, all this “authority” stuff… is like everything else true of God. All this has meaning ONLY within a context of “love” and “relationship”… with the Father, with Jesus, with the Spirit, and with one another. 1 Cor 13 speaks of the same thing. Truthfully, like any and every other name of God, “authority” without love is empty clanging cymbal. Perfectly noisy, yes… has effects in the world, yes… but has no connection with God or His will at all.

      Grace — LM


  8. Don Merritt

    June 8, 2015 at 6:25 AM

    Great post LM!!

    Liked by 1 person

    • Little Monk

      June 8, 2015 at 10:59 AM

      Thank you, Don. REALLY good to hear from you. I hope all is well with you.

      Btw, I would DEEPLY (*read that as “desperately”, lol*) appreciate it if you felt led to weigh in here on any or all of these discussions on spiritual warfare. I want to continue dialogue with great sensitivity and respect for differing worldviews and traditions of denominational practice. Yet I have a deep sense of assurance that the dialogue needs to be engaged.

      Your Biblical scholarship and even-handed teaching, your mastery of the Word and the words used to express it, are a richly welcomed contribution here should you have the time and ability to engage.

      Thanks for being here. I feel better just knowing you’re reading. And I trust that if anything I say rings an alarm as “non-scriptural”, scripturally inconsistent, or out of balance, you’ll let me know.

      Grace — LM



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